Different energy sources refer to the numerous ways we capture and use energy. They include renewable as well as nonrenewable forms of energy. The kind of energy source we choose to use depends on a variety of factors, including how it affects the environment, and how accessible and affordable it is.

In 2018 fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal) made up 80 percent of all energy produced in the world. These energy sources that are not renewable can be harmful to the environment in numerous ways. For example, oil drilling can cause devastating harm to wildlife and communities. Fracking is a source of water pollution. And coal power plants emit CO2.

Renewable energy, also referred to as green energy or clean energy is derived from naturally occurring and continuously replenishing resources like sunlight, wind, and water. It’s a great solution to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and also helping the planet.

Renewable energy isn’t just about protecting the environment. It’s also about being cost-effective, reliable and efficient. Renewable energy is becoming more popular as a method to power our homes and businesses.

The most frequently used renewable energy sources are wind, solar hydropower, nuclear, and solar. Solar energy uses technology to convert sunlight into electricity and heat. Wind energy captures the kinetic energy of moving air to generate electricity and is used in a variety of locations across the globe. Hydropower harnesses water’s force to generate electricity. Nuclear energy makes use of the process of atomic fission in order to create electricity.

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